Production of an extracellular polysaccharide byAgrobacterium sp DS3 NRRL B-14297 isolated from soil
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- Hou, C.T., Ahlgren, J.A., Brown, W. et al. Journal of Industrial Microbiology (1996) 16: 129. doi:10.1007/BF01570073
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A bacterium isolated from soil and identified asAgrobacterium sp produced a water-soluble extracellular polysaccharide capable of producing highly viscous solutions. Gas chromatographic analysis revealed a sugar composition of glucose, galactose and mannose in the molar ratio of 7.5∶2.4∶1, together with 3.7% (w/w) pyruvic acid. Methylation analyses showed the presence of (1→3)-, (1→4)- and (1→6)-linked glucose, (1→3)- and (1→4, 1→6)-linked galactose and a small portion of (1→3)-linked mannose residues. Succinic acid was not present. The molecular weight of the polysaccharide was estimated by light scattering to be 2×106 Da. The viscosity of solutions containing the polysaccharide remained constant from pH 3 to 11, and decreased by 50% when heated from 5 to 55°C. Maximum yield of the polysaccharide, 20 g L−1, was reached in 48 h at 30°C incubation.