Journal of Industrial Microbiology

, Volume 16, Issue 2, pp 79–101 | Cite as

Environmental applications of immobilized microbial cells: A review

  • M B Cassidy
  • H Lee
  • J T Trevors


Immobilized microbial cells have been used extensively in various industrial and scientific endeavours. However, immobilized cells have not been used widely for environmental applications. This review examines many of the scientific and technical aspects involved in using immobilized microbial cells in environmental applications, with a particular focus on cells encapsulated in biopolymer gels. Some advantages and limitations of using immobilized cells in bioreactor studies are also discussed.


alginate bacteria biodegradation bioremediation κ-carrageenan encapsulation immobilization microorganisms soil 


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© Society for Industrial Microbiology 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental BiologyUniversity of GuelphGuelphCanada

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