Monoclonal antibodies identifying a novel T-Cell antigen and Ia antigens of human lymphocytes
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We describe here two new monoclonal antibodies that react with surface antigens of human lymphocytes. Antibody 7.2 identified a determinant on the framework region of the human Ia antigen. It was cytotoxic for all cultured B-cell lines, normal B cells, and monocytes. The antibody was not cytotoxic for normal T cells or for established T leukemic cell lines. In immune precipitation assays, the 7.2 antibody reacted with a bimolecular complex of two chains that resolved in polyacrylamide gels as polypeptides with molecular weights of 29000 and 34000 daltons. These precipitation results were analogous to those achieved with a rabbit antiserum prepared against human Ia antigens. Antibody 9.3 identified a determinant on the framework region of a T-cell antigen. It was cytotoxic for 50–80% of peripheral T cells and for 20–50% of thymocytes. It was not cytotoxic for cultured B-cell lines, normal B cells, or monocytes. In immune precipitation assays, the 9.3 antibody reacted with a single polypeptide with a molecular weight of 44000 daltons. Due to the expression of this antigen on a limited subpopulation of human T cells, we have designated the antigen HuLyt-1.
KeywordsMolecular Weight Monoclonal Antibody Polypeptide Polyacrylamide Leukemic Cell
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