, Volume 21, Issue 1, pp 30–37 | Cite as

A large displacement formulation for anisotropic beam analysis

  • Marco Borri
  • Teodoro Merlini


The displacement of a beam can be conveniently resolved into a roto-translational section displacement and a section warping. The correct second order approximation of the strain is deduced accounting for large displacements and thus for large rotations. On the basis of displacement method, both linear and nonlinear formulations are given: the first one leads to the elastic section properties and to the correct characterization of section warping; the second one leads to the so-called geometric section stiffness, accounting for prestress. Both formulations are general with respect to elastic material properties, thus allowing to deal with aniso-tropic and unhomogeneous cross-sections. Elastic and geometric section rigidities here proposed can then be easily used in second order problems on beam frames: either initial buckling eigenvalue analyses, either large displacement incremental analyses.


Large Displacement Section Property Large Rotation Eigenvalue Analysis Incremental Analysis 
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E' conveniente scomporre lo spostamento di un punto di una trave in una rototraslazione della sezione cui appartiene e in uno spostamento che deforma la sezione (in-gobbamento). Si deduce la corretta approssimazione al second'ordine della deformazione per grandi spostamenti e quindi grandi rotazioni. Vengono presentate sia la formulazione lineare che quella non lineare, basate sul metodo degli spostamenti: dalla prima si ottengono le caratteristiche elastiche della sezione e la corretta caratterizzazione dell'ingob-bamento; dalla seconda la cosiddetta rigidezza geometrica della sezione che tiene conto dello stato di presforzo. Entrambe le formulazioni sono generali per quanto riguarda le proprietà del materiale elastico, potendosi così considerare anche sezioni anisotrope e non omogenee. Le caratteristiche di rigidezza elastica e geometrica della sezione possono quindi facilmente essere usate in problemi del second'ordine su strutture a travi: sia analisi agli autovalori della stabilità, sia analisi incrementali con grandi spostamenti.


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Copyright information

© Pitagora Editrice Bologna 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marco Borri
    • 1
  • Teodoro Merlini
    • 2
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Ingegneria AerospazialePolitecnico di MilanoItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento di Ingegneria AerospazialePolitecnico di MilanoItaly

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