Archives of Sexual Behavior

, Volume 22, Issue 1, pp 23–36 | Cite as

Physical attractiveness of boys with gender identity disorder

  • Kenneth J. Zucker
  • Jennifer Wild
  • Susan J. Bradley
  • Claire B. Lowry


University students blind to group status rated boys with gender identity disorder and clinical control boys regarding their physical attractiveness. Ratings were made of the face and upper torso from photographs taken at the time of clinical assessment (\(\bar x\) age, 8.1 years). On all five adjectives (attractive, beautiful, cute, handsome, and pretty), boys with gender identity disorder were judged to be more attractive than were the clinical control boys. Attractiveness correlated with extent of behavioral femininity in the clinical control group, but not in the group of boys with gender identity disorder. The extent to which the group differences in attractiveness were due to objective, structural differences in facial attractiveness vs. socially created, or subjective, processes is discussed.

Key words

physical attractiveness gender identity disorder of childhood boys 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenneth J. Zucker
    • 1
  • Jennifer Wild
    • 1
  • Susan J. Bradley
    • 1
  • Claire B. Lowry
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Child and Adolescent Gender Identity ClinicChild and Family Studies Centre, Clarke Institute of PsychiatryTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Child and Family CentreKitchener-Waterloo HospitalKitchenerCanada

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