Sex Roles

, Volume 33, Issue 1–2, pp 1–18 | Cite as

Gender role conflict, instrumentality, expressiveness, and well-being in adult men

  • Mark J. Sharpe
  • P. Paul Heppner
  • Wayne A. Dixon
Article

Abstract

This study examined gender roles and gender role conflict in relation to a broad range of indices of psychological well-being in men. Eighty-eight community adult primarily white men (median age = 50) completed ten inventories assessing masculine role constructs and measures of psychological well-being. Whereas instrumentality continued to be the strongest correlate of traditional measures of well-being, the canonical analysis confirmed the Sharpe and Heppner 1991 study indicating that at least two roots or variates are needed to understand psychological well-being in men, and that expressivity and emotional well-being accounts for a third of the variance in adult men. The results also suggest a weak association between gender role conflict and psychological well-being. Implications and future research are discussed.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark J. Sharpe
    • 1
  • P. Paul Heppner
    • 1
  • Wayne A. Dixon
    • 1
  1. 1.Psychology DepartmentUniversity of MissouriColumbiaUSA

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