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Sex Roles

, Volume 33, Issue 7–8, pp 543–557 | Cite as

Ratings of gender appropriateness of sports participation: Effects of gender-based schematic processing

  • Nathalie Koivula
Article

Abstract

The domain of sports and physical activity has traditionally been considered to be appropriate for men and not compatible with the feminine role. Because gender-based schematic processing has been shown to affect attitudes and behavior, there might be differences in the categorization of sports as masculine or feminine, between sex-typed and non-sex-typed individuals. The findings in this study, including 104 women and 103 men (96.6% Caucasian, 2.9% Arabic, 0.5% Black) showed differences in gender appropriateness ratings between groups classified according to the Bem Sex Role Inventory, and also between men and women. Men, in general, and sex-typed men, in particular, were more inclined to stereotype sports as masculine or feminine. An explanation might be that these individuals engage to a greater extent in gender-based schematic processing. A possible additional explanation could be that childhood socialization into sports may serve as a means of providing proof of boys' manliness and the validation of prejudices against women, and that the need for this proof is stronger among sex-typed men.

Keywords

Physical Activity Social Psychology Schematic Processing Sport Participation Additional Explanation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nathalie Koivula
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyStockholm UniversityStockholmSweden

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