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Sex Roles

, Volume 31, Issue 11–12, pp 703–719 | Cite as

The responses of African American men to dominant norms of masculinity within the United States

  • Ian Harris
  • José B. Torres
  • Dale Allender
Article

Abstract

In this study, responses of White/European American and African American men to dominant norms of masculinity within the United States were investigated. A general model for male identity formation is presented including the influence of cultural perspectives, dominant cultural norms, and specific circumstances. A questionnaire identifying 24 specific male gender role messages was administered to 451 White/European American men and 58 African American men. Results of this study suggest that at age 18 African American men report similar perspectives about masculinity as do White/European American men, but as they grow older their views of masculinity tend to diverge from the views held by White/European Americans.

Keywords

United States General Model Social Psychology Gender Role Male Gender 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ian Harris
    • 1
  • José B. Torres
    • 1
  • Dale Allender
    • 1
  1. 1.University of WisconsinMilwaukeeUSA

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