Measurement of sexual arousal in male homosexuals: Effects of instructions and stimulus modality
Erections were measured in 20 male homosexual subjects under three instructional conditions and within three stimulus modalities. The three conditions were arousal (e.g., imagine yourself involved and get aroused), suppression (e.g., imagine yourself involved but suppress erection responses), and rearousal (e.g., imagine yourself involved and get aroused). The three stimulus modalities studied were video tapes, slides or pictures, and audio tapes of homosexual cues. The results show that video tape generates the highest level of arousal, audio tape the lowest level of arousal, and slides an intermediate level. Both video tape and slides show substantial voluntary suppression effects. During suppression, video tape continues to elicit relatively high levels of arousal in contrast to slides and audio tapes, which are equally low.
Key wordshomosexuality sexual arousal penile erections pornography
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Abel, G. G., Levis, D. J., and Clancy, J. (1970). Aversion therapy applied to taped sequences of deviant behavior in exhibitionism and other sexual deviations: A preliminary report.J. Behav. Ther. Exp. Psychiat. 1(1): 59–66.Google Scholar
- Barlow, D. H., Becker, R., Leitenberg, H., and Agras, W. S. (1970). Mechanical strain gauge recording penile circumference change.J. Appl. Behav. Anal. 3: 73–76.Google Scholar
- Feldman, M. P., and MacCulloch, M. J. (1971).Homosexual Behavior: Theory and Assessment Pergamon Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
- Freund, K. (1963). A laboratory method for diagnosing predominance of homo- or heteroerotic interest in the male.Behav. Res. Ther. 1: 85–93.Google Scholar
- Henson, D. E., and Rubin, H. H. (1971). Voluntary control of eroticism.J. Appl. Behav. Anal. 4: 37–44.Google Scholar
- Herman, S. H., Barlow, D. H., and Agras, W. S. (1971). Exposure to heterosexual stimuli: An effective variable in treating homosexuality? InProceedings of the 79th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, American Psychological Association, pp. 699–700.Google Scholar
- Laws, D. R., and Rubin, H. H. (1969). Instructional control of an autonomic sexual response.J. Appl. Behav. Anal. 2: 93–99.Google Scholar
- McGuire, R. J., and Vallance, M. (1964). Aversion therapy by electric shock: A simple technique.Brit. Med. J. 1: 151–153.Google Scholar
- Thorpe, J. G., Schmidt, E., and Castell, D. (1963). A comparison of positive and negative (aversive) conditioning in the treatment of homosexuality.Behav. Res. Ther. 1: 357–362.Google Scholar
- Thorpe, J. G., Schmidt, E., Brown, T. T., and Castell, D. (1964). Aversion-relief therapy: A new method for general application.Behav. Res. Ther. 2: 71–82.Google Scholar