Archives of Sexual Behavior

, Volume 9, Issue 2, pp 87–99 | Cite as

The prehomosexual male child in three societies: The United States, Guatemala, Brazil

  • Frederick L. Whitam


The question raised by this article is: do the several behavioral indicators of male homosexuality, which emerge in childhood, appear cross-culturally, or are they limited to American society? These indicators are interest in toys of the opposite sex, cross-dressing, preference for girls' games and activities, preference for the company of women, being regarded as a sissy, and preference for boys in childhood sex play. Data on indicators were obtained from male homosexuals in three societies—the United States, Guatemala, and Brazil—and compared with responses of heterosexuals. It is concluded that the behavioral indicators do occur in these three societies and occur at about the same rate.

Key words

homosexuality cross-cultural cross-gender childhood sexuality 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frederick L. Whitam
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of SociologyArizona State UniversityTempeUSA

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