Advertisement

Archives of Sexual Behavior

, Volume 19, Issue 1, pp 29–47 | Cite as

Female ejaculation: Perceived origins, the Grafenberg spot/area, and sexual responsiveness

  • Carol Anderson Darling
  • J. Kenneth DavidsonSr.
  • Colleen Conway-Welch
Article

Abstract

Despite earlier contrary claims, some researchers have recently reported a possible homologous female prostate gland that is potentially involved in a sudden spurt of fluid being released at the moment of orgasm. A number of medical authorities have speculated that this fluid is urine. To alleviate concerns about the possible release of urine during orgasmic response as well as to contribute to a further understanding of physiological and psychological sexual satisfaction, we examined a series of variables thought to be associated with female ejaculation [(expulsion of fluid during orgasm and its relationship, if any, to a sensitive anatomic area (Grafenberg spot)]. An anonymous questionnaire was distributed to 2350 professional women in the United States and Canada with a subsequent 55% return rate. Of these respondents, 40% reported having a fluid release (ejaculation) at the moment of orgasm. Further, 82% of the women who reported the sensitive area (Grafenberg spot) also reported ejaculation with their orgasms. A number of variables were associated with this perceived existence of female ejaculation.

Key words

female ejaculation orgasm Grafenberg spot, sexual satisfaction urinary incontinence 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Addiego, F., Belzer, E. G., Comolli, J., Moger, W., Perry, J. D., and Whipple, B. (1980). Female “ejaculation.”Med. Aspects Hum. Sex. 14(8): 99, 103.Google Scholar
  2. Addiego, F., Belzer. E. G., Comolli, J., Moger, W., Perry, J. D., and Whipple, B. (1981). Female ejaculation: A case study.J. Sex Res. 17: 13–21.Google Scholar
  3. Alzate, H., and Hoch, Z. (1986). The “G spot” and female ejaculation: A current appraisal.J. Sex Marital Ther. 12: 211–220.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Belzer, E. G., Jr. (1981). Orgasmic expulsions of females: A review and heuristic inquiry.J. Sex Res. 17: 1–12.Google Scholar
  5. Belzer, E. G., Jr. (1984). A review of female ejaculation and the Grafenberg spot.Women Health 9: 5–16.Google Scholar
  6. Bohlen, J. G. (1982). Female ejaculation and urinary stress incontinence.J. Sex Res. 18: 360–363.Google Scholar
  7. Bullough, B., David, M., Whipple, B., Dixon, J., Allgeier, E. R., and Drury, K. C. (1984). Subjective reports of female orgasmic explusion of fluid.Nurse Pract. 9: 55–59.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Caldwell, G. T. (1941). The glands of the posterior female urethra.Texas State J. Med. 36: 627–632.Google Scholar
  9. Davies, J. (1963).Human Developmental Anatomy Ronald Press, New York.Google Scholar
  10. Deter, R. L., Caldwell, G. T., and Folsom, A. I. (1946). A clinical and pathological study of the posterior female urethra.J. Urol. 55: 651–662.Google Scholar
  11. Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary, 26th ed. (1985). W. B. Saunders, Philadelphia.Google Scholar
  12. Ellis, H. (1937).Studies in the Psychology of Sex, Vol. 2, Random House, New York.Google Scholar
  13. Evatt, E. J. (1911). A contribution to the development of the prostate gland in the human female, and a study of the homologies of the urethra and vagina of the sexes.J. Anat. Physiol. 45: 122–130.Google Scholar
  14. Freese, M. P., and Levitt, E. E. (1984). Relationships among intervaginal pressure, orgasmic function, parity factors, and urinary leakage.Arch. Sex. Behav. 13: 261–260.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Goldberg, D. C., Whipple, B., Fishkin, R. E., Waxman, H., Fink, P. J., and Weisberg, M. (1983). The Granfenberg spot and female ejaculation: A review of initial hypotheses.J. Sex Marital Ther. 9: 27–37.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Grafenberg, E. (1950). The role of the urethra in female orgasm.Int. J. Sexol. 3: 145–148.Google Scholar
  17. Greenberg, J. S., Bruess, C. E., and Sands, D. W. (1986).Sexuality: Insights and Issues William C. Brown, Dubuque, IA.Google Scholar
  18. Heath, D. (1984). An investigation into the origins of a copious vaginal discharge during intercourse: “Enough to wet the bed”—that “is not urine.”J. Sex Res. 20: 194–210.Google Scholar
  19. Heath, D. (1986, November). The tumescent and ejaculatory function of the female prostate homologue. Presented at the annual meeting of the Society for the Scientific Study of Sex, St. Louis.Google Scholar
  20. Huffman, J. W. (1948). The detailed anatomy of the peraurethral ducts in the adult human female.Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 55: 86–100.Google Scholar
  21. Huggins, G. R., and Preti, G. (1981). Vaginal odors and secretions.Clini. Obstet. Gynecol. 24: 355–377.Google Scholar
  22. Johnson, F. P. (1922). Homologue of the prostate in the female.J. Urol. 8: 13–34.Google Scholar
  23. Kegel, A. H. (1949). Physiological treatment of poor tone and function of genital muscles and of urinary stress incontinence.Western J. Surg. 5: 527–535.Google Scholar
  24. Ladas, A. K., Whipple, B., and Perry, J. D. (1982).The G Spot and Other Recent Discoveries About Human Sexuality Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York.Google Scholar
  25. Levin, R. J., and Wagner, G. (1985). Orgasm in women in the laboratory: Quantitative studies on duration, intensity, latency, and vaginal blood flow.Arch. Sex. Behav. 14: 439–449.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Masters, W., Johnson, V., and Kolodny, R. (1988).Human Sexuality 3rd ed., Scott, Foresman, Glenview, IL.Google Scholar
  27. Netter, F. H. (1954).The CIBA Collection of Medical Illustrations, Vol. 2, CIBA Pharamaceutical Products, Summit, NJ.Google Scholar
  28. Oziel, L. J. (1978). Inconsistency of coital orgasm in women.Med. Aspects Hum. Sex. 12(9): 16, 19, 23–24, 27–28.Google Scholar
  29. Perry, J. D., and Whipple, B. (1981). Pelvic muscle strength of female ejaculators: Evidence in support of a new theory of orgasm.J. Sex Res. 17: 22–39.Google Scholar
  30. Pollen, J. J., and Dreilinger, A. (1984). Immunohistochemical identification of prostatic acid phosphatace specific antigen in female periurethral glands.Urology 23: 303–304.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Sevely, J. L., and Bennett, J. W. (1978). Concerning female ejaculation and the female prostate.J. Sex Res. 14: 1–20.Google Scholar
  32. Skene, A. J. C. (1880). The anatomy and pathology of two important glands of the female urethraAm. J. Obstet. Dis. Women Child. 13: 265–270.Google Scholar
  33. Stone, A., and Gamble, C. J. (1959). The quantity of vaginal fluid.Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 78: 279–281.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Tepper, S. L., Jagirdar, J., Heath, D., and Geller, S. A. (1984). Homology between the female paraurethral (Skene's) glands and the prostate.Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med. 108: 423–425.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Weisberg, M. (1981). A note on female ejaculation.J. Sex Res. 17: 90–91.Google Scholar
  36. Zaviacic, M., Brozman, M., Zajickova, M., Blazekova, J., and Oberucova, J. (1985). The adult human female urethra enzyme-histochemical study.Acta Histochem. 77: 165–175.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carol Anderson Darling
    • 1
  • J. Kenneth DavidsonSr.
    • 2
  • Colleen Conway-Welch
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Family, Child, and Consumer SciencesFlorida State UniversityTallahasseeUSA
  2. 2.Department of Sociology and AnthropologyUniversity of Wisconsin-Eau ClaireEau ClaireUSA
  3. 3.School of NursingVanderbilt UniversityNashvilleUSA

Personalised recommendations