Advertisement

Archives of Sexual Behavior

, Volume 6, Issue 2, pp 143–154 | Cite as

The clinical profile of male transsexuals living as females vs. those living as males

  • R. Langevin
  • D. Paitich
  • B. Steiner
Article

Abstract

The clinical profiles of five male groups were compared: transsexuals who live as females (FEM), those who live as males (MAL), homosexual patients (HOP), homosexual controls (HOC), and heterosexual controls (CON). The MAL group showed psychotic features on the MMPI and a greater frequency of suicide attempts than the other groups. Their sexual behavior was incongruous in that they have had substantial sexual contact with men but less often desired sexual contact with men. They also less often desired to handle the penis of an adult man or to kiss him on the lips. They were more likely to find handling another's penis disgusting. However, they showed considerable involvement of their penis in sex relations with men. The FEM group, in contrast, had MMPI profiles suggestive of character disorders and tended to engage in antisocial behavior. Both MAL and FEM groups were similar in MMPI and 16 PF “femininity.” The HOP group showed overall similarity to MAL but was not as pathological. The HOC and CON groups were similar in being normal but their sexual behavior differed, as expected. The paradoxical behavior of MAL is discussed as well as the parallel of the FEM group's behavior to that of criminals.

Key words

transsexual personality homosexual masculinity-femininity cross-dressing 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Barr, R. F., Raphael, B., and Hennessey, N. (1974). Apparent heterosexuality in two male patients requesting change-of-sex operation.Arch. Sex. Behav. 3: 325–330.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Bieber, I., Dain, H. J., Dince, P. R., Drellich, M. G., Grand, H. G.,et al. (1962).Homosexuality Basic Books, New York.Google Scholar
  3. Freund, K., Langevin, R., Zajac, Y., Steiner, B., and Zajac, A. (1974a). The transsexual syndrome in homosexual males.J. Nerv. Ment. Dis. 158: 145–153.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Freund, K., Langevin, R., Zajac, Y., Steiner, B., and Zajac, A. (1974b). Parent-child relations in transsexual and non-transsexual homosexual males.Br. J. Psychiat. 124: 22–23.Google Scholar
  5. Freund, K., Nagler, E., Langevin, R., Zajac, A., and Steiner, B. (1974c). Measuring feminine gender identity in homosexual males.Arch. Sex. Behav. 3: 249–260.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Hoenig, J., Kenna, J., and Youd, A. (1970). Social and economic aspects of transsexualism.Br. J. Psychiat. 117: 163–172.Google Scholar
  7. Meyer, J. (1974). Clinical variants among applicants for sex reassignment.Arch. Sex. Behav. 3: 527–556.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Money, J., and Green, R. (1969).Transsexualism and Sex Reassignment Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore.Google Scholar
  9. Newman, L., and Stoller, R. (1974). Nontranssexual men who seek sex reassignment.Am. J. Psychiat. 131: 437–441.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Paitich, D. (1973). A comprehensive automated psychological examination and report (CAPER).Behav. Sci. 18: 131–136.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Paitich, D., and Langevin, R. (1976). The Clarke PCR: I. Development of a parent child relations questionnaire for adults. II. Discriminant validity of the PCR in sexually deviant and normal populations.J. Consult. Clin. Psychol. 44: 428–436.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Paitich, D., Langevin, R., Freeman, R., Mann, K., and Handy, L. (1976).A Clinically Useful Sex History Questionnaire for Males, manuscript submitted for publication.Google Scholar
  13. Person, E., and Ovesey, L. (1974). The transsexual syndrome in males.Am. J. Psychother. 28: 4–20.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Stoller, R. (1973). Male transsexualism: Uneasiness.Am. J. Psychiat. 130: 536–539.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Winer, B. (1962).Statistical Principles in Experimental Design McGraw-Hill, New York.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corp 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Langevin
    • 1
  • D. Paitich
    • 1
  • B. Steiner
    • 1
  1. 1.Clarke Institute of PsychiatryTorontoCanada

Personalised recommendations