Archives of Sexual Behavior

, Volume 13, Issue 5, pp 457–477 | Cite as

Sex-dimorphic behavior in childhood subsequent to prenatal exposure to exogenous progestogens and estrogens

  • Anke A. Ehrhardt
  • Heino F. L. Meyer-Bahlburg
  • Judith F. Feldman
  • Susan E. Ince


Thirteen boys and 15 girls with a history of prenatal exposure to medroxyprogesterone acetate only and 22 boys and 15 girls with exposure to a variety of progestogens and estrogens singly or in combination were studied at age 8–14 years in comparison to closely pair-matched, unexposed controls. This report concerns the findings on sex-dimorphic behavior as assessed by separate interviews with the child and his/her mother. Hormone-exposed boys and controls differed little, while in girls prenatal sex hormone treatment seemed to be associated with some degree of increased stereotypic femininity.

Key words

sex-dimorphic behavior prenatal sex hormones progestogens estrogens medroxyprogesterone acetate 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anke A. Ehrhardt
    • 1
  • Heino F. L. Meyer-Bahlburg
    • 1
  • Judith F. Feldman
    • 1
  • Susan E. Ince
  1. 1.New York State Psychiatric Institute and Department of PsychiatryCollege of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

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