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Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 21, Issue 6, pp 639–651 | Cite as

Symptoms of depression in adolescence: A comparison of Anglo, African, and Hispanic Americans

  • Robert E. Roberts
  • Mahboob Sobhan
Article

Abstract

This research investigated differences in prevalence of depressive symptoms among adolescents from diverse ethnocultural groups. Data from a national survey of persons 12–17 years of age (n=2200) were analyzed, comparing symptom levels of Anglo, African, Mexican, and other Hispanic Americans using a 12-item version of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. Overall, the results indicate differences in rates of depression. Females reported more symptoms of depression than males in every ethnic group. Among the ethnic groups, Mexican American males reported more depressive symptoms than other males and the same was true for Mexican American females, although to a lesser extent. Logistic regression of three different caseness scores (16+, 21+, 31+), adjusting for age, gender, perceived health, and occupation of the primary wage earner in the household, indicated that only Mexican American adolescents reported more depressive symptoms than the Anglo majority. The relative risk ranged from 1.46 to 1.83.

Keywords

Logistic Regression Depressive Symptom Relative Risk Ethnic Group Epidemiologic Study 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert E. Roberts
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Mahboob Sobhan
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Public HealthUSA
  2. 2.Social Psychiatry Research GroupThe University of Texas Health Science Center at HoustonUSA
  3. 3.Center for Cross-Cultural ResearchUSA
  4. 4.Department of PathologyLouisiana State University Medical CenterUSA

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