Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 19, Issue 2, pp 149–158

Identity development and formal operations as sources of adolescent egocentrism

  • Brian P. O'Connor
  • Jeannie Nikolic
Article

Abstract

The self-concerns and social expectations that are part of the identity development process may lead adolescents to think that others survey them for signs of individuality. The novelty of identity development may also lead to feelings of uniqueness and invulnerability. The imaginary audience and personal fable may therefore stem from identity development and not from the emergence of formal operations. In this study high school and first-year university students (N=255) completed measures of adolescent egocentrism, identity development, and formal operations. Egocentrism was moderately associated with higher scores on identity crisis and identity achievement, and with lower scores on identity diffusion. There was no significant relationship between egocentrism and the emergence of formal operations.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian P. O'Connor
    • 1
  • Jeannie Nikolic
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychology at Lakehead University in Thunder BayCanada

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