Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 33–47 | Cite as

An extension of Marcia's Identity Status Interview into the interpersonal domain

  • Harold D. Grotevant
  • William Thorbecke
  • Margaret L. Meyer


This article describes an extension of Marcia's (1966) Identity Status Interview into three interpersonal domains: friendships, dating, and sex roles. The Identity Status Interview method is assessed favorably in terms of identity theory, justification for the three new sections is provided on the basis of theory and research on sex differences in adolescent identity, and methodological refinements in the interview are described. A study is reported in which the extended interview was administered to 41 male and 40 female high school juniors and seniors. Average percentage of exact agreement for ratings of exploration, commitment, and identity status was over 70% when two coders were used and over 94% when the ratings of two out of three coders were used. It is concluded that this extended interview is psychometrically sound and provides a method for assessing interpersonal issues salient to contemporary adolescents.


High School Health Psychology Identity Status Average Percentage High School Junior 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Abend, S. A. (1974). Problems of identity: Theoretical applications.Psychoanal. Quart 43:606–637.Google Scholar
  2. Bourne, E. (1978a). The state of research on ego identity: A review and appraisal. Part I.J. Youth Adoles. 7: 223–252.Google Scholar
  3. Bourne, E. (1978b). The state of research on ego identity: A review and appraisal. Part II.J. Youth Adoles. 7: 371–392.Google Scholar
  4. Coleman, J. C. (1974).Relationships in Adolescence, Routledge and Kegan Paul, London.Google Scholar
  5. Coleman, J. C. (1978). Current contradictions in adolescent theory.J. Youth Adoles. 7: 1–11.Google Scholar
  6. Constantinople, A. (1969). An Eriksonian measure of personality development in college students.Dev. Psychol. 1: 357–372.Google Scholar
  7. Dignan, M. H. (1965). Ego identity and maternal identification.J. Personal. Soc. Psychol. 1:476–483.Google Scholar
  8. Douvan, E., and Adelson, J. (1966).The Adolescent Experience, Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
  9. Erikson, E. H. (1950).Childhood and Society, Norton, New York.Google Scholar
  10. Erikson, E. H. (1968).Identity: Youth and Crisis, Norton, New York.Google Scholar
  11. Fleiss, J. L., Nee, J. C. M., and Landis, J. R. (1979). Large sample variance of kappa in the case of different sets of raters.Psychol. Bull. 86: 974–977.Google Scholar
  12. Grotevant, H. D., and Cooper, C. R. (1981). Assessing adolescent identity in the areas of occupation, religion, politics, friendships, dating and sex roles: Manual for administration and coding of the interview.JSAS Cat. Selected Documents Psychol. 11: 52 (Ms. No. 2295).Google Scholar
  13. Grotevant, H. D., and Thorbecke, W. L. (in press). Sex differences in styles of occupational identity formation in late adolescence.Dev. Psychol. Google Scholar
  14. Hauser, S. T. (1972). Black and White identity development: Aspects and perspectives.J. Youth Adoles. 1: 113–130.Google Scholar
  15. Hauser, S. T. (1976). The content and structure of adolescent self-images: Longitudinal studies.Arch. Gen. Psychiat. 33: 27–32.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Hodgson, J. W., and Fischer, J. L. (1979). Sex differences in identity and intimacy development in college youth.J. Youth Adoles. 8: 37–50.Google Scholar
  17. Josselson, R., Greenberger, E., and McConochie, D. (1977a). Phenomenological aspects of psychosocial maturity in adolescence. Part I. Boys.J. Youth Adoles. 6: 25–55.Google Scholar
  18. Josselson, R., Greenberger, E., and McConochie, D. (1977b). Phenomenological aspects of psychosocial maturity in adolescence. Part II. Girls.J. Youth Adoles. 6: 145–167.Google Scholar
  19. Marcia, J. E. (1964). Scoring manual for ego identity status. Unpublished manuscript.Google Scholar
  20. Marcia, J. E. (1966). Development and validation of ego identity status.J. Personal. Soc. Psychol. 3:551–558.Google Scholar
  21. Marcia, J. E. (1967). Ego identity status: Relationship to change in self-esteem, “general maladjustment,” and authoritarianism.J. Personal. 35: 113–133.Google Scholar
  22. Marcia, J. E. (1976). Studies in ego identity. Unpublished research monograph, Simon Fraser University.Google Scholar
  23. Marcia, J. E. (1980). Identity in adolescence. In J. Adelson (ed.),Handbook of Adolescent Psychology, Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
  24. Marcia, J. E., and Friedman, M. L. (1970). Ego identity status in college women.J. Personal. 38: 249–263.Google Scholar
  25. Matteson, D. R. (1974). Alienation vs. Exploration and Commitment: Personality and Family Correlaries of Adolescent Identity Status, Report from the Project for Youth; Research, Royal Danish School of Educational Studies, Copenhagen.Google Scholar
  26. Matteson, D. R. (1977). Exploration and commitment: Sex differences and methodological problems in the use of identity status categories.J. Youth Addles. 6: 353–374.Google Scholar
  27. Raphael, D. (1977). Identity status in university women: A methodological note.J. Youth Adoles. 6: 57–62.Google Scholar
  28. Rasmussen, J. E. (1964). Relationship of ego identity to psychosocial effectiveness.Psychol. Rep. 15: 815–825.Google Scholar
  29. Rothman, K. M. (1978). Multivariate analysis of the relationship of psychosocial crisis variables to ego identity status.J. Youth Adoles. 7: 93–105.Google Scholar
  30. Schenkel, S. (1975). Relationship among ego identity status, field-independence, and traditional femininity.J. Youth Adoles. 4: 73–82.Google Scholar
  31. Schenkel, S., and Marcia, J. E. (1972). Attitudes toward premarital intercourse in determining ego identity status in college women.J. Personal. 3: 472–482.Google Scholar
  32. Simmons, D. D. (1970). Development of an objective measure of identity achievement status.J. Project. Techn. Personal. Assess. 34: 241–244.Google Scholar
  33. Stein, A. H., and Bailey, M. M. (1973). The socialization of achievement orientation in females.Psychol. Bull. 80: 345–366.Google Scholar
  34. Thorbecke, W. L., and Grotevant, H. D. (1981). Gender differences in styles of adolescent interpersonal identity formation. Submitted for publication.Google Scholar
  35. Toder, N., and Marcia, J. E. (1973). Ego identity status and response to conformity pressure in college women.J. Personal. Soc. Psychol. 26: 287–294.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harold D. Grotevant
    • 1
  • William Thorbecke
    • 2
  • Margaret L. Meyer
  1. 1.Department of Home Economics, Division of Child Development and Family RelationshipsUniversity of Texas at AustinUSA
  2. 2.Department of Educational PsychologyUniversity of Texas at AustinUSA

Personalised recommendations