Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 17, Issue 4, pp 307–316 | Cite as

Social support and self-esteem in adolescence

  • Michael A. Hoffman
  • Varda Ushpiz
  • Rachel Levy-Shiff


This study assessed contingencies in the effect of social support from parents and friends on adolescent self-esteem. Questionnaires were administered to 76 Israeli adolescents regarding self-esteem, stressful life events, and perceived level of support from mother, father, and friends. Maternal support had a strong effect on self-esteem. Aid from friends was influential primarily when that of mothers was absent. Paternal support had little effect, once other support sources were controlled. Despite the negative influence of stress on self-esteem, support and stress had no interactive effects. These findings, consistent with attachment theory and social provision theories, were contrary to cross-pressure or separate world models of peer/parent influence.


Social Support Interactive Effect Health Psychology Negative Influence Stressful Life 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael A. Hoffman
    • 1
  • Varda Ushpiz
    • 1
  • Rachel Levy-Shiff
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyBar Ilan UniversityRamat GanIsrael
  2. 2.Departments of Psychology and Criminology at Bar Ilan UniversityRamat GanIsrael

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