How far can autistic children go in matters of social adaptation?

  • Leo Kanner
  • Alejandro Rodriguez
  • Barbara Ashenden

Abstract

The case histories of 9 autistic children, 8 boys and 1 girl, selected from a total of 96 so diagnosed at The John Hopkins Hospital prior to 1953, are presented in some detail and discussed. These children, first evaluated and given the diagnosis at an age ranging from 2 years and 10 months to 8 years and 1 month, are presently in their 20's and 30's. Their development is traced from acute psychotic infancy until the end of 1971. Having made a sufficient social adjustment, they manage to function as self-dependent individuals, mostly well educated and all gainfully employed. Attention is drawn to differences between this group and other autistic patients, maturational and environmental issues as well as to past and present patterns of behavior and personality structure.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Cottington, F. Treatment of schizophrenia in childhood.Nervous Child, 1942,1, 172–187.Google Scholar
  2. Kanner, L. Problem children growing up.American Journal of Psychiatry, 1937,94 691–699. (a)Google Scholar
  3. Kanner, L. Prognosis in child psychiatry.Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry, 1937,37, 922–928. (b)Google Scholar
  4. Kanner, L. Autistic disturbances of affective contact.Nervous Child, 1943,2, 217–250.Google Scholar
  5. Kanner, L. Children in state hospitals.American Journal of Psychiatry, 1965,121, 925–927.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Kanner, L. Follow-up study of eleven autistic children originally reported in 1943.Journal of Autism and Childhood Schizophrenia, 1971,1, 119–145.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Kanner, L., & Eisenberg, L. Notes on the follow-up studies of autistic children. In P. H. Hoch and J. Zubin (Eds.),Psychopathology of childhood. New York: Grune & Stratton, 1955.Google Scholar
  8. Lourie, R. S., Pacella, B. L., & Piotrowski, Z. A. Studies on the prognosis in schizophrenic-like psychoses in children.American Journal of Psychiatry, 1943,99, 542–552.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Scripta Publishing Corporation 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leo Kanner
    • 2
  • Alejandro Rodriguez
    • 2
  • Barbara Ashenden
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Child PsychiatryThe Johns Hopkins HospitalBaltimore
  2. 2.The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and HospitalUSA

Personalised recommendations