Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 25, Issue 4, pp 439–453

A six-year follow-up study of anorexia nervosa subjects with teenage onset

  • M. Råstam
  • C. Gillberg
  • I. C. Gillberg
Article

Abstract

Fifty-one adolescent onset anorexia nervosa (AN) cases recruited after community screening were compared with fifty-one age-, sex- and schoolmatched cases with regard to comorbidity and personality disorders at age 21 years. All 102 cases had originally been examined at a mean age of 16 years. Outcome according to the Morgan-Russell scales was fairly similar to that reported in recent clinic-based samples. Most of the former AN cases were recovered in respect of weight but outcome in social areas was restricted. Obsessive compulsive and avoidant personality disorders and empathy disorders were very much more common in the AN than in the comparison group. Obsessive compulsive behaviors showed a high degree of stability over time and were unrelated to weight problems. Together with empathy disorders they tended to predict outcome better than the eating disorder as such. Affective disorders were common but tended to follow the course of the eating disorder rather than precede or postdate it.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Råstam
    • 1
  • C. Gillberg
    • 2
  • I. C. Gillberg
    • 2
  1. 1.The Child Neuropsychiatry ClinicUSA
  2. 2.East Hospital GöteborgSweden

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