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Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 20, Issue 1, pp 107–114 | Cite as

Relationships between socioeconomic status, locus of control, self-concept, and academic achievement of batswana adolescents

  • Muhammad Maqsud
  • Sepideh Rouhani
Article

Abstract

Relationships between socioeconomic status, locus of control, self-concept, and academic achievement were explored in secondary school pupils in the Mmabatho area of Bophuthalswana (Southern Africa). The analyses of data revealed the following: (a) both male and female Batswana adolescents were found significantly more externally oriented when compared against the normative data provided by Nowicki-Strickland (1973); (b) socioeconomic status was significantly positively associated with internality, self-concept, and academic achievement in English; (c) externality was significantly negatively related to self-concept and achievement in English; (d) self-concept was significantly positively correlated to measures of achievement in English and mathematics; and (e) mathematics achievement of male students was significantly higher than female ones.

Keywords

Socioeconomic Status Health Psychology Academic Achievement Normative Data Male Student 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhammad Maqsud
    • 1
  • Sepideh Rouhani
    • 1
  1. 1.School of EducationUniversity of BophuthatswanaBophuthatswanaSouthern Africa

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