Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 20, Issue 1, pp 73–88 | Cite as

Peer vs. parental influence in substance use among hispanic and Anglo children and adolescents

  • Robert H. Coombs
  • Morris J. Paulson
  • Mark A. Richardson
Article

Abstract

The relative influence of peer and parental influence on youths' use of alcohol and other drugs is explored among 446 Anglo and Hispanic youths, ages 9–17. Current users and abstainers are similar in age and gender. Among both groups, parental influence is more profound than that of peers. However, substance users, compared to abstainers, are more influenced by peers. Level of marijuana use by youths' friends is the most reliable predictor of drug use. Youths having viable relationships with parents are less involved with drugs and less influenced by drug-oriented peers.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abelson, H., Fishburne, P., and Cisin, I. (1977).National Survey on Drug Abuse: 1977 (Volume I)-Main Findings. National Institute on Drug Abuse, Rockville, MD.Google Scholar
  2. Akers, R. L., Krohn, M. D., and Lanza-Kaduce, L. (1979). Social learning and deviant behavior: A specific test of a general theory.Am. Sociol. Rev. 44: 636–655.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Ausubel, D. P., Montemayor, R., and Svajian, P. (1977).Theory and Problems of Development. Grune & Stratton, New York.Google Scholar
  4. Brown, B. B., Clasen, D. R., and Eicher, S. A. (1986). Perceptions of peer pressure, peer conformity dispositions, and self-reported behavior among adolescents.Develop. Psychol. 22: 521–530.Google Scholar
  5. Bry, B. (1983). Predicting drug abuse: Review and reformulations.Int. J. Addict. 18: 223–233PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Coombs, R. H. (ed.). (1975).Junkies and Straights: The Camarillo Experience Lexington Books, Lexington, MA.Google Scholar
  7. Coombs, R. H. (ed.). (1988).The Family Context of Adolescent Drug Use. Haworth Press, New York.Google Scholar
  8. Coombs, R. H., and Coombs, K. (1988). Developmental stages in drug use: Changing family involvements. In Coombs, R. H. (ed.),The Family Context of Adolescent Drug Use. Haworth Press, New York.Google Scholar
  9. Coombs, R. H., and Landsverk, J. (1988). Parenting styles and substance use during childhood and adolescence.J. Marriage Family 50: 473–482.Google Scholar
  10. Coombs, R. H., Fry, L. J., and Lewis, P. G. (Eds.). (1976).Socialization in Drug Abuse. Schenkman Publishing Co., Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar
  11. Coombs, R. H., Wellisch, D. K., and Fawzy, F. I. (1985). Drinking patterns and problems among female children and adolescents: A comparison of abstainers, past users, and current users.Am. J. Drug Alcohol Abuse 11: 315–348.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Elliot, D. S., Huizinga, D., and Ageton, S. S. (1982).Explaining Delinquency and Drug Use. Report No. 21, Behavioral Research Institute, Boulder, CO.Google Scholar
  13. Fawzy, F. I., Coombs, R. H., and Gerber, B. (1983). Generational continuity in the use of substances: The impact of parental substance use on adolescent substance use.Addict. Behav. 8: 109–114.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Glynn, T. J. (1981a). From family to peer: A review of transitions of influence among drugusing youth.Youth Adolesc. 10: 363–383.Google Scholar
  15. Glynn, T. J. (1981b).Families and Drugs. DHHS Pub. No. ADM 81-1151, National Institute on Drug Abuse, Research Issues Series No. 29.Google Scholar
  16. Glynn, T. J. (1984). Adolescent drug use and the family environment: A review.J. Drug Issues 14: 271–295.Google Scholar
  17. Glynn, T. J., and Haenlein, M. A. (1988). Family theory and research on adolescent drug use: A review. In Coombs, R. H. (ed.),The Family Context of Adolescent Drug Use. Haworth Press, New York.Google Scholar
  18. Harbin, H., and Maziar, H. (1975). The families of drug abusers: A literature review.Family Process 14: 411–431.Google Scholar
  19. Hawkins, J. D., Lishner, D. M., and Catalano, R. F. (1985). Childhood predictors and the prevention of adolescent substance abuse. In La Rue Jones, C., and Batties, R. J. (eds.),Etiology of Drug Abuse: Implications for Prevention. DHHS ADM 85-1335, 75-126, National Institute on Drug Abuse, Research Monograph Series 56.Google Scholar
  20. Hawkins, J. D., Lishner, D. M., Catalano, R. F., and Howard, M. O. (1985). Childhood predictors of adolescent substance abuse: Toward an empirically grounded theory.J. Children Contemp. Soc. 18: 11–48.Google Scholar
  21. Hays, R. D., and Huba, G. J. (1988). Reliability and validity of drug use items differing in the nature of their response options.J. Consult. Clin. Psychol. 56: 470–472.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Hirschi, H. (1969).Causes of Delinquency. University of California Press, Berkeley.Google Scholar
  23. Huba, G. H., Wingard, J. A., and Bentler, P. M. (1979). Beginning adolescent drug use and peer and adult interactions.J. Consult. Clin. Psychol. 47: 265–276.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Huba, G. J., and Bentler, P. M. (1980). The role of peer and adult models for drug taking at various stages of adolescence.J. Youth Adolesc. 9: 449–465.Google Scholar
  25. Jessor, R., and Jessor, S. L. (1977).Problem Behavior and Psychosocial Development: A Longitudinal Study of Youth. Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  26. Jessor, R., Chase, J. A., and Donovan, J. E. (1980). Psychosocial correlates of marijuana use and problem drinking in a national sample of adolescents.Am. J. Public Health 70: 604–613.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Jurich, A. P., Poison, C. H., Jurich, J. A., and Bates, R. (1985). Family factors in the lives of drug users and abusers.Adolescence 10: 143–159.Google Scholar
  28. Kandel, D. B. (1985). On processes of peer influences in adolescent drug use: A developmental perspective.Adv. Alcohol Substance Abuse 4: 139–163.Google Scholar
  29. Kandel, D. B., and Adler, D. (1982). Socialization into marijuana use among French adolescents: A cross-cultural comparison with the U.S.J. Health Social Behav. 23: 295–309.Google Scholar
  30. Kaplan, H. B., Martin, S. S., and Robbins, C. (1984). Pathways to adolescent drug use: Self-derogation, peer influence, weakening of social controls, and early substance use.J. Health Social Behav. 25: 270–289.Google Scholar
  31. Klagsburn, M., and Davis, D. (1977). Substance abuse and family interaction.Family Process 16: 149–174.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Maddahian, E., Newcomb, M. D., and Bentler, P. M. (1988). Risk factors for substance use: Ethnic differences among adolescents.J. Substance Abuse 1: 11–23.Google Scholar
  33. Marcos, A. C., Bahr, S. J., and Johnson, R. E. (1986). Test of a bonding/association theory of adolescent drug use.Social Forces 65: 135–161.Google Scholar
  34. Needle, R., McCubbin, H., Wilson, M., Reineck, R., Lazar, A., and Mederer, H. (1986). Interpersonal influences in adolescent drug use: The role of older siblings, parents, and peers.Int. J. Addict. 21: 739–766.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Nehemkis, A., Macari, M. A., and Lettieri, D. J. (1976).Drug Abuse Instrument Handbook National Institute on Drug Abuse, Rockville, MD.Google Scholar
  36. Newcomb, M. D., and Bentler, P. M. (1986). Substance use and ethnicity: Differential impact of peer and adult models.J. Psychol. 120: 83–95.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Newcomb, M. D., Maddahian, E., Skager, R., and Bentler, P. (1987). Substance abuse and psychosocial risk factors among teenagers: Associations with sex, age, ethnicity, and type of school.Am. J. Drug Alcohol Abuse 13: 413–433.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Oetting, E. R., and Beauvais, F. (1987). Peer cluster theory, socialization characteristics, and adolescent drug use: Path analysis.J. Counsel. Psychol. 34: 205–213.Google Scholar
  39. Seldin, N. E. (1972). The family of the addict: A review of the literature.Int. J. Addict. 7: 97–107.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Stanton, M. D. (1978). The family and drug misuse: A bibliography.Am. J. Drug Alcohol Abuse 5: 151–170.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. Stanton, M. D. (1979).Family Structure and Drug Abuse: A Review. Report prepared for the Office of Program Development and Analysis, National Institute on Drug Abuse, Rockville, MD.Google Scholar
  42. Sutherland, E., and Cressey, D. (1970).Criminology. Lippincott, New York.Google Scholar
  43. Swadi, H., and Zeitlin, H. (1988). Peer influence and adolescent substance abuse: A promising side?Br. J. Addict. 83: 153–157.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. Tudor, C. G., Peterson, D. M., and Elifson, K. W. (1980). An examination of the relationship between peer and parental influences and adolescent drug use.Adolescence 15: 783–798.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. Welte, J. W., and Barnes, G. M. (1987). Alcohol use among adolescent minority groups.J. Studies Alcohol 48: 329–336.Google Scholar
  46. Wingard, J. A., Huba, G. J., and Bentler, P. M. (1980). A longitudinal analysis of personality structure and adolescent substance use.Personal. Individ. Diff. 1: 259–272.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert H. Coombs
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Morris J. Paulson
    • 1
    • 4
  • Mark A. Richardson
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.UCLA School of MedicineUSA
  2. 2.Office of EducationUCLA Neuropsychiatric Institute and HospitalUSA
  3. 3.Washington State UniversityUSA
  4. 4.University of KansasUSA
  5. 5.University of CaliforniaLos Angeles
  6. 6.UCLAUSA

Personalised recommendations