Digestive Diseases and Sciences

, Volume 34, Issue 8, pp 1272–1276 | Cite as

Definition and investigation of dyspepsia

Consensus of an internationalAd Hoc working party
  • L. Barbara
  • M. Camilleri
  • R. Corinaldesi
  • G. P. Crean
  • R. C. Heading
  • A. G. Johnson
  • J. R. Malagelada
  • V. Stanghellini
  • M. Wienbeck
Review Article


The dyspeptic patient presents a common and difficult problem in clinical practice. Careful evaluation of symptoms may be unrewarding; however, a thorough clinical and screening psychiatric evaluation are essential. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy or upper gastrointestinal radiology and ultrasonic examination of the biliary tract and pancreas should be the first investigations. In patients in whom these are noncontributory and in whom symptoms persist, evaluation of upper gastrointestinal function (secretory, motor, provocation tests) may be indicated to determine the cause of functional dyspepsia and to allow appropriate management.


Public Health Clinical Practice Biliary Tract Dyspepsia Difficult Problem 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Barbara
  • M. Camilleri
  • R. Corinaldesi
  • G. P. Crean
  • R. C. Heading
    • 1
  • A. G. Johnson
  • J. R. Malagelada
  • V. Stanghellini
  • M. Wienbeck
  1. 1.Department of MedicineRoyal InfirmaryEdinburghScotland

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