Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 4, Issue 4, pp 301–307 | Cite as

Incidence of depression in early adolescence: A preliminary study

  • Nina Albert
  • Aaron T. Beck
Article

Abstract

The authors wished to determine whether depression was present in an early adolescent nonpatient identified school population. Questionnaires were administered to seventh and eighth grade students in a parochial extended elementary school. The findings indicated that 33.3% of this school population were experiencing moderate to severe depression and 35% of the sample acknowledged current suicidal ideation. A comparison of mean scores showed a trend toward more depressive symptomatology in the eighth grade, possibly indicating a developmental critical period. A correlation of individual scores and teacher ratings suggests that teacher evaluation may have some direct effect on the student's emotional health. The authors make specific suggestions for promoting improved mental health in a school setting.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Balser, B. H., and Masterson, J. F. (1959). Suicide in adolescents.Am. J. Psychiat. 116: 400–404.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Beck, A. T., and Beck, R. W. (1972). Screening depressed patients in family practice: A rapid technic.Postgrad. Med. 52: 81–85.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Beck, A. T., Rial, W. Y., and Rickels, K. (1974). Short form of depression inventory: Cross-validation.Psychol. Rep. 34: 1184–1186.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Birtchnell, J., and Alarcon, J. (1971). Depression and attempted suicide, a study of 91 cases seen in a casualty department.Brit. J. Psychiat. 118: 289–296.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Cerny, L., and Cerna, M. (1969). Depressive syndrome in children and adolescents with regard to suicidal tendencies. In Shneidman, E. S., and Swenson, D. D. (eds.),Suicide Among Youth, U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Chevy Chase, Md.Google Scholar
  6. Hirschowitz, R. G. (1973). Crisis theory: A formulation. Paper presented at the National Conference on Crisis Intervention, McLean Hospital, Boston.Google Scholar
  7. Jan-Tausch, J. (1963). Suicide of children 1960–1963: New Jersey public school students. Ph.D. dissertation, State of New Jersey Department of Education.Google Scholar
  8. Schneidman, E. S., and Swenson, D. D. (eds.) (1969).Suicide Among Youth, U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Chevy Chase, Md.Google Scholar
  9. Schuyler, D. (1972). How to spot the suicidal child.Am. School Board J. 159: 43–44.Google Scholar
  10. Schwab, J. (1972).Alachua County Epidemiologic Health Study, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, Fla.Google Scholar
  11. Silver, M. A., Bohnert, M., Beck, A. T., and Marcus, D. (1971). Relation of depression of attempted suicide and seriousness of intent.Arch. Gen. Psychiat. 25: 573–576.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Terry, L. (1973). Depression: Research and the administration of the Beck Depression Inventory to adolescents. Unpublished senior thesis, Newton College of the Sacred Heart, Newton, Mass.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nina Albert
    • 1
    • 2
  • Aaron T. Beck
    • 3
  1. 1.St. Colman SchoolArdmore
  2. 2.Resources for WomenUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphia
  3. 3.University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphia

Personalised recommendations