Advertisement

Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 23, Issue 3, pp 359–371 | Cite as

Coping in adolescence: Empirical evidence for a theoretically based approach to assessing coping

  • Susan B. Phelps
  • Patricia A. Jarvis
Article

Abstract

The present study was designed to examine the reported Stressors and patterns of coping strategies used by adolescents and extend the 1989 work of Carver et al. by reporting internal reliability, factorial validity, and normative data on the COPE for a sample of middle adolescents. A sample of 484 ninth through twelfth graders (ages 14–18) attending a Laboratory High School participated in the study. The COPE inventory developed by Carver et al. in 1989 for use with college students, was administered with a battery of measures to all adolescent participants in their classrooms. Results indicated sufficient internal consistency for the measure and significant gender differences. Factor analysis of the COPE indicated that the subscales consistently fell into four factors rather than the traditional two (i.e., problem focused vs emotion focused). Implications for using the COPE in research on adolescent were discussed.

Keywords

High School Gender Difference Internal Consistency College Student Empirical Evidence 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Allen, S., and Hiebert, B. (1991). Stress and coping in adolescents.Can. J. Counsel. 25: 19–32.Google Scholar
  2. Carver, C., Scheier, M., and Weintraub, J. (1989). Assessing coping strategies: A theoretically based approach.J. Personal. Social Psychol. 56: 267–183.Google Scholar
  3. Compas, B. (1987). Coping with stress during childhood and adolescence.Psychol. Bull. 101: 393–403.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Compas, B., Malcarne, V., and Fondacaro, K. (1988). Coping with stressful events in older children and young adolescents.J. Consult. Clin. Psychol. 56: 405–411.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Dise-Lewis, J. (1988). The life events and coping inventory: An assessment of stress in children.Psychosom. Med. 50: 484–499.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. El-Shiek, M., Klaczynski, P., and Valaik, M. (1989). Stress and coping across the life course.Human Develop. 32: 113–117.Google Scholar
  7. Endler, N., and Parker, J. (1990). Multidimensional assessment of coping: A critical evaluation.J. Person. Social Psychol 58: 844–854.Google Scholar
  8. Fanshawe, J., and Burnett, P. (1991). Assessing school-related Stressors and coping mechanisms in adolescents.Br. J. Educat. Psychol. 61: 92–98.Google Scholar
  9. Folkman, S., and Lazarus, R. (1980). An analysis of coping in a middle aged community sample.J. Health Social Behav. 2: 219–239.Google Scholar
  10. Folkman, S., Lazarus, R., Dunkel-Schetter, C., Delongis, A., and Gruen, R. (1986). Dynamics of a stressful encounter: Cognitive appraisal, coping, and encounter outcomes.J. Person. Social Psychol. 50: 992–1003.Google Scholar
  11. Folkman, S., Lazarus, R., Pimley, S., and Novacek, J. (1987). Age differences in stress and coping processes.Psychol. Aging 2: 171–184.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Forsythe, C., and Compas, B. (1987). Interaction of cognitive appraisals of stressful events and coping: Testing the goodness of fit hypothesis.Cog. Ther. Res. 11(4): 473–485.Google Scholar
  13. Hollingshead, A. B. (1975). Four factor index of social status. Unpublished manuscript. Yale University, Department of Sociology, New Haven, CT.Google Scholar
  14. Lazarus, R., and Folkman, S. (1987). Transactional theory and research on emotions and coping.Eur. J. Personal. 1: 141–169.Google Scholar
  15. Patterson, J., and McCubbin, H. (1987). Adolescent coping style and behaviors: Conceptualization and measurement.J. Adolesc. 10: 163–186.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Rutter, M. (1981). Stress, coping and development: Some issues and some questions.J. Child Psychol. Psychiat. 22: 323–356.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Spirito, A., Stark, L., Grace, N., and Stamoulis, D. (1991). Common problems and coping strategies reported in childhood and early adolescence.J. Youth Adolesc. 20: 531–544.Google Scholar
  18. Stark, L., Spirito, A., Williams, C., and Guevremont, D. (1989). Common problems and coping strategies I: Findings with normal adolescents.J. Abnorm. Child Psychol. 17: 203–212.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Tolor, A., and Fehon, D. (1987). Coping with stress: A study of male adolescents' coping strategies as related to adjustment.J. Adoles. Res. 2: 33–42.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susan B. Phelps
    • 1
  • Patricia A. Jarvis
    • 2
  1. 1.School PsychologyUniversity of South Carolina at ColumbiaColumbia
  2. 2.Illinois State UniversityNormal

Personalised recommendations