Increased proliferation of a human breast carcinoma cell line by recombinant interleukin-2
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Two adenocarcinoma cell lines, Breast M25-SF and Breast M, were established from tumor tissue resected surgically from a patient with breast cancer. One, Breast M25-SF, expresses interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R) on the cell surface and the other, Breast M, does not. The effects of recombinant inteleukin-2 (rIL-2) on the proliferation of these cell lines were investigated. The growth of Breast M25-SF was significantly promoted by rIL-2 ranging from 1,25 U/ml to 640 U/ml. Anti-CD25 (Tac) antibody, significantly blocked the growth enhancement of Breast M25-SF by rIL-2. Breast M, however, did not respond to rIL-2. To confirm more directly the promotion of Breast M25-SF growth by rIL-2, cloning of IL-2 responders from parent Breast M25-SF cells was carried out by limiting dilution without feeder cells in 96-well microplates. No colony formation was found in 24 wells without rIL-2. Eleven, 13 and 6 clones were established from groups of 24 wells containing rIL-2 at 200, 20 and 2 U/ml respectively. All of the clones expressed IL-2R and respond to rIL-2. By using a sensitive polymerase chain reaction technique, we demonstrated that Breast M25-SF but not Breast M expressed IL-2 mRNA, and IL-2 secretion from Breast M25-SF but not Breast M was also confirmed by radioimmunoassay. These findings suggest a role for IL-2 in autocrine support of Breast M25-SF growth. IL-2 may play an important role in the growth control of breast carcinoma cells.
Key wordsBreast carcinoma cell line Interleukin-2 Interleukin-2 receptor Autocrine growth factor Interleukin-2 secretion
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