Journal of Family Violence

, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp 317–331 | Cite as

Fighting fire with fire: The effects of victim resistance in intimate versus stranger perpetrated assaults against females

  • Ronet Bachman
  • Dianne Cyr Carmody


The consequences of violence against woman are myriad, ranging from extreme psychological trauma to severe physical injury and even death. Utilizing the National Crime Victimization Survey, this paper explored the extent to which victim resistance, either physical or verbal/passive, during an assault differentially produced injury between intimate and stranger perpetrated assaults. It was found that female victims of assaults perpetrated by intimates were nearly twice as likely to sustain injury if they used either physical or verbal self-protective behavior. The only significant predictor of injury sustained by female victims of stranger perpetrated assaults, however, was presence of a weapon.

Key words

intimate assaults stranger assaults self-protection resistance injury 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ronet Bachman
    • 1
  • Dianne Cyr Carmody
    • 2
  1. 1.Bureau of Justice StatisticsWashington, DC
  2. 2.Department of SociologyWestern Washington UniversityBellingham

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