Predialysis management of chronic renal failure in the geriatric nephrology patient
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As more people live beyond 65 years of age, it is expected that there will also be more people with advanced renal disease. Since renal failure evolves slowly, awareness of the nature of the alterations involved as well as the principles of conservative management may decrease a patient's rate of progression to end-stage renal disease and dialysis. This review examines the water and electrolyte imbalances of progressive renal failure, systemic disease contributing to renal failure including hypertension, diabetes mellitus, multiple myeloma and amyloidosis, systemic complications of advanced renal disease, nutritional changes and the predialysis management of these disorders.
Key wordspredialysis therapy anemia therapy erythropoietin calcium-phosphorus disorders vitamin D therapy hypertension therapy diabetic nephropathy converting enzyme inhibitors elderly nephrology patient
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