Zeitschrift für Physik C Particles and Fields

, Volume 49, Issue 4, pp 607–618 | Cite as

Colour transparency and scaling properties of nuclear shadowing in deep inelastic scattering

  • N. N. Nikolaev
  • B. G. Zakharov
Article

Abstract

We present the perturbative QCD analysis of nuclear shadowing in the deep inelastic scattering at smallx in terms of the spatial wave function ofq\(\bar q\) fluctuations of virtual photons. The wave function formalism makes it quite obvious that shadowing is the scaling, rather than the higher twist, 1/Q2, effect, contrary to a numerous recent claims. We demonstrate explicitly how the scaling shadowing comes from the large, hadronic, size quarkantiquark pairs even in the limit ofQ2→∞, and why it should very slowly, ∞1/log (Q2/m2) decrease at very largeQ2. We argue in favor of the scaling triple-pomeron contribution to the nuclear shadowing and present predictions for a cross section of diffraction dissociation of virtual photons and for the mass spectrum of diffraction excitation, which can be checked at HERA and Fermilab. We predict strikingly different scaling properties of diffraction dissociation and nuclear shadowing for the longitudinal and transverse photons. Our, numerial predictions for shadowing are in good agreement with the recent EMC data.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. N. Nikolaev
    • 1
    • 2
  • B. G. Zakharov
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Theoretical PhysicsUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK
  2. 2.L.D. Landau Institute for Theoretical PhysicsMoscowUSSR
  3. 3.Research Institute for Nuclear PhysicsMoscow State UniversityMoscowUSSR

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