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Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

, Volume 24, Issue 3, pp 385–400 | Cite as

Psychiatric sequelae of low birth weight at 6 years of age

  • Naomi Breslau
  • Gregory G. Brown
  • Jerel E. DelDotto
  • Savitri Kumar
  • Sudhakar Ezhuthachan
  • Patricia Andreski
  • Karen G. Hufnagle
Article

Abstract

The study examined the association between low birth weight (LBW) (≤2,500 g) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in two socioeconomically disparate populations. LBW and normal birth weight (NBW) children from the 1983 to 1985 newborn lists of an urban and a suburban hospital in Southeast Michigan were randomly selected. A total of 823 children, 473 LBW and 350 NBW, participated. Data were gathered in 1990 to 1992, when the children were 6 to 7 years of age. The National Institute of Mental Health Diagnostic Interview Schedule for children—Parent version (DISC-P) was used to elicit information on DSM-III-R diagnoses of simple phobia, overanxious, separation anxiety, oppositional defiant, and ADHD. Teachers' ratings of behavior problems were obtained. LBW was associated with ADHD but not with childhood anxiety disorders or oppositional defiant disorder. The association was stronger in the urban than in the suburban population. Data from teachers' ratings revealed an association between LBW and attention problems. The prognostic significance of the observed psychopathology at 6 years of age requires follow-up assessment as the children mature.

Keywords

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Behavior Problem Anxiety Disorder Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Diagnostic Interview 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Naomi Breslau
    • 1
    • 5
    • 7
    • 8
  • Gregory G. Brown
    • 1
    • 3
  • Jerel E. DelDotto
    • 1
    • 3
  • Savitri Kumar
    • 2
    • 5
  • Sudhakar Ezhuthachan
    • 2
  • Patricia Andreski
    • 1
  • Karen G. Hufnagle
    • 4
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryHenry Ford Health Sciences CenterDetroitUSA
  2. 2.Department of Pediatrics, Division of NeonatologyHenry Ford Health Sciences CenterDetroitUSA
  3. 3.Department of Psychiatry, Division of NeuropsychologyHenry Ford Health Sciences CenterDetroitUSA
  4. 4.Neonatal Follow-UpWilliam Beaumont HospitalTroyUSA
  5. 5.Department of Pediatrics and Communicable DiseasesUniversity of Michigan School of MedicineAnn ArborUSA
  6. 6.Department of PediatricsWayne State University School of MedicineDetroitUSA
  7. 7.Case Western Reserve University School of MedicineClevelandUSA
  8. 8.Department of PsychiatryHenry Ford HospitalDetroitUSA

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