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Genetica

, Volume 91, Issue 1–3, pp 11–19 | Cite as

Evolutionary mechanisms of senescence

  • Brian Charlesworth
Article

Abstract

This paper reviews theories of the evolution of senescence. The population genetic basis for the decline with age in sensitivity of fitness to changes in survival and fecundity is discussed. It is shown that this creates a presure of selection that disproportionately favors performance early in life. The extent of this bias is greater when there is a high level of extrinsic mortality; this accounts for much the diversity in life-history patterns among different taxa. The implications of quantitative genetic theory for experimental tests of alternative population genetic models of senescence are discussed. In particular, the negative genetic correlations between traits predicted by the antagonistic pleiotropy model may be obscured by positive correlations that are inevitable in a multivariate system, or by the effects of variation due to deleterious mutations. The status of the genetic evidence relevant to these theories is discussed.

Key words

senescence life-history population genetics quantitative genetics mutation 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian Charlesworth
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Ecology and EvolutionThe University of ChicagoChicagoUSA

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