Advertisement

Virtual Reality

, Volume 5, Issue 2, pp 95–106 | Cite as

A high-level architecture for believable social agents

  • A. Guye-VuillèmeEmail author
  • D. Thalmann
Article

Abstract

The creation of virtual humans capable of behaving and interacting realistically with each other requires the development of autonomous believable social agents. Standard goal-oriented approaches are not well suited to it because they don't take into account important characteristics identified by the social sciences. This paper tackles the issue of a general social reasoning mechanism, discussing its basic functional requirements using a sociological perspective, and proposing a high-level architecture based on Roles, Norms, Values and Types.

Keywords

Socially believable agents Socially intelligent virtual agent 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Ingrand FF, Georgeff MP, Rao AS. An architecture for real-time reasoning and system control. IEEE Expert/Intelligent Systems 1992; 7: 34–44Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Botelho LM, Coelho H. Artificial autonomous agents with artificial emotions. In: Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Autonomous Agents. New York: ACM Press, 1998, 449–450Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bouvier E, Guilloteau P. Crowd simulation in immersive space management. In: Proceedings of the Third Eurographics Workshop on Virtual Environments. Wien Springer, 1996, 104–110Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wooldridge M, Jennings N. Intelligent agents: theory and practice. Knowledge Engineering Review 1995; 10: 115–152Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Berger PL, Luckmann T. The social construction of reality: a treatise in the sociology of knowledge. New York: Anchor Books, 1966Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Carley KM, Newell A. The nature of the social agent. Journal of Mathematical Sociology 1994; 19: 221–262Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Dautenhahn K. The art of designing socially intelligent agents: science, fiction, and the human in the loop. Applied Artificial Intelligence 1998; 12: 573–617Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Conte R, Castelfranchi C, Dignum F. Autonomous norm acceptance. Intelligent Agents V 1999; 1555: 99–112Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bates J, Loyall AB, Reilly WS. An architecture for action, emotion, and social behavior. In: Artificial social systems. Fourth European Workshop on Modelling Autonomous Agents in a Multi-agent World. Berlin: Springer, 1992, 55–68Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Rousseau D, Hayes-Roth B. A social-psychological model for synthetic actors. In: Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Autonomous Agents. New York: ACM Press, 1998, 165–172Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sichman JS. Du raisonnement social chez les agents. Institut National Polytechnique de Grenoble: Grenoble 1995Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Rizzo P, Veloso M, Miceli M, Cesta A. Goal-based personalities and social behaviors in believable agents. Applied Artificial Intelligence 1999; 13: 239–273Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Marsh S. Formalising trust as a computational concept. University of Stirling: Stirling 1994Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Channon A, Damper R. The evolutionary emergence of socially intelligent agents. Technical report. Zürich: University of Zürich, 1998Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Funge J, Tu X, Terzopoulos D. Cognitive modeling: knowledge, reasoning and planning for intelligent characters. In: Proceedings of SIGGRAPH '99, 29–38Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Brooks RA. Intelligence without representation. Artificial Intelligence 1991; 47: 139–159Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Balzer W. Multi-agent systems for social simulation and bdi-architecture: a critical discussion. http://www.unikoblenz.de/~kgt/Dag90717/Balzer.html 1997Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Guye-Vuillème A, Thalmann D. Requirements for an architecture for believable social agents. In: Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Autonomous Agents. New York: ACM Press, 2000, 48–49Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Thomas WI. The unadjusted girl. Boston: Little, Brown, and Co. 1923Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Cicourel AV. Cognitive sociology: language and meaning in social interaction. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1973Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Weber M. Economy and society. New York: Bedminister Press, 1968Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Bourdieu P. In other words: essays towards a reflexive sociology. Stanford CA: Stanford University Press, 1990Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Parsons T, Shils EA (eds). Toward a general theory of action.: New York: Harper and Row, 1951Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Bordeux C. Boulic R, Thalmann D. An efficient and fexible perception pipeline for autonomous agents. Computer Graphics Forum 1999; 18(3): 23–30Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Computer Graphics LaboratorySwiss Federal Institute of TechnologyLausanneSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations