Sex Roles

, Volume 30, Issue 1–2, pp 81–92 | Cite as

Gender differences in variability in intellectual abilities: A cross-cultural perspective

  • Alan Feingold


A cross-cultural quantitative review of contemporary findings of gender differences in variability in verbal, mathematical, and spatial abilities was conducted to assess the generalizability of U.S. findings that (a) males are more variable than females in mathematical and spatial abilities, and (b) the sexes are equally variable in verbal ability. No consistent gender differences (variance ratios) were found across countries in any of the three broad ability domains. Instead, males were more variable than females in some nations and females were more variable than males in other nations. Thus, the well-established U.S. findings of consistently greater male variability in mathematical and spatial abilities were not invariant across cultures and nations.


Gender Difference Social Psychology Variance Ratio Spatial Ability Verbal Ability 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alan Feingold
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryYale UniversityNew HavenUSA

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