Employee Responsibilities and Rights Journal

, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp 239–248 | Cite as

Justice, motivation, and performance beyond role requirements

  • Robert Folger

Abstract

This article focuses on the possible instrumental characteristics of extrarole behaviours. Specifically, the motivation to perform beyond role requirements for future rewards is discussed. It is first argued that the motivation to engage in extrarole behaviors may stem from a reaction to inequity, or from a desire to receive rewards that cannot be achieved through the performance of official role requirements. Then, using data from two recent studies as support, it is proposed that these extrarole behaviors will only occur if the organizational reward system operates in a just, procedurally fair manner. Finally, the conceptual issues of how procedural justice might contribute to intrapreneurship and entrepreneurship are discussed.

Key Words

extrarole behaviors procedural justice intrapreneurship entrepreneurship 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adams, J. S. (1965). Inequity in social exchange. In Berkowitz, L. (Ed.),Advances in Experimental Social Psychology (Vol. 2), 267–299. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  2. Cropanzano, R., & Folger, R. (1989). Referent cognitions and task decision autonomy: Beyond equity theory.Journal of Applied Psychology, 74, 293–299.Google Scholar
  3. Folger, R. (1987a). Distributive and procedural justice in the workplace.Social Justice Research, 1, 143–159.Google Scholar
  4. Folger, R. (1987b). Reformulating the preconditions of resentment: A referent cognitions model. In Masters, J. C., & Smith, W. P. (Eds.),Social Comparison. Justice. and Relative Deprivation: Theoretical, Empirical, and Policy Perspectives, 183–215. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  5. Folger, R., Rosenfield, D., & Robinson, T. (1983). Relative deprivation and procedural justifications.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45, 268–273.Google Scholar
  6. Folger, R., & Martin, C. (1986). Relative deprivation and referent cognitions: Distributive and procedural justice effects.Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 22, 531–546.Google Scholar
  7. Katz, M. A., & Kahn, R. L. (1978).The Social Psychology of Organizations (2nd Ed.). New York: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
  8. Konovsky, M. A., & Folger, R. (1991).The effects of procedural and distributive justice on organizational citizenship behavior. Unpublished manuscript, Tulane University, A. B. Freeman Business School, New Orleans.Google Scholar
  9. Mark, M. M., & Folger, R. (1984). Responses to relative deprivation: A conceptual framework.Review of Personality and Social Psychology, 5, 192–218.Google Scholar
  10. Marris, P. (1975).Loss and Change. Garden City, NY: Anchor Press.Google Scholar
  11. Organ, D. W. (1988).Organizational Citizenship Behavior: The Good Soldier Syndrome. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.Google Scholar
  12. Rawls, J. (1971).A Theory of Justice. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Silver, A. D. (1983).The Entrepreneurial Life. New York: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
  14. Smith, C. A., Organ, D. W., & Near, J. (1983). Organizational citizenship behavior: Its nature and antecedents.Journal of Applied Psychology, 68, 653–663.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Folger
    • 1
  1. 1.A.B. Freeman School of BusinessTulane UniversityNew Orleans

Personalised recommendations