Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 17, Issue 6, pp 1159–1176 | Cite as

Lanierone: A new pheromone component fromIps pini (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) in New York

  • Stephen A. Teale
  • Francis X. Webster
  • Aijun Zhang
  • G. N. Lanier


A new pheromone component, lanierone, (2-hydroxy-4,4,6-trimethyl-2,5-cyclohexadien-1-one) was isolated and identified from a Porapak Q collection of volatiles from maleIps pini from New York through GC fractionation, bioassay, and spectrometry. In both the laboratory and the field, synthetic lanierone, in a 1:100 ratio with synthetic ipsdienol, is as attractive as natural pheromone sources. Synthetic ipsdienol alone is not attractive in the laboratory and only weakly attractive in the field. Varying the ratio of lanierone to ipsdienol in the field from 10−4∶1 to 1∶1 in 10-fold increments resulted in an increased number of beetles trapped at the three lower ratios, but also in an increase in the proportion of males trapped. In the field, all combinations of lanierone to ipsdienol attracted proportionately fewer males than did pheromone-producing male beetles. GC and GC-MS analyses of Porapak Q-trapped volatiles revealed that lanierone is produced in an amount equal to about 0.2% of that of ipsdienol and is produced exclusively by males. The small amount of lanierone produced, together with a GC retention time similar to that of ipsdienol on a nonpolar column, probably confounded its detection in earlier studies.

Key words

Insecta Coleoptera Scolytidae Ips pini pheromone isolation identification bioassay ipsdienol lanierone 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen A. Teale
    • 1
  • Francis X. Webster
    • 2
  • Aijun Zhang
    • 2
  • G. N. Lanier
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Environmental and Forest BiologyState University of New YorkSyracuse
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry College of Environmental Science and ForestryState University of New YorkSyracuse

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