Beweglichkeit von Einfach- und Cluster-Ionen in Argon bei hohen Drucken
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The mobility of simple and cluster ions in argon at high pressures
A time-of-flight technique is used for the measurement of positive ion mobilities in argon in the 1–100 atm pressure range at 300 °K. The ions are produced by photoionization of gas atoms in the drift region with ultraviolet light from a spark discharge.
A mobility is found which varies continuously with the reduced electric fieldE/p0 and which exhibits two saturation values at 1.55±0.01 cm2/volt sec (forE/p0≳ 2 volt/cm torr) and at 0.818±0.003 (forE/p0≲ 0.17). The former value is in excellent agreement with the zero-field mobility obtained by Beaty for Ar+. The last value is interpreted in terms of the Langevin theory and connected with the formation of the Ar33+ labile cluster. This has the Ar+ ion as nucleus and is surrounded by two complete shells of 12 and 20 argon atoms respectively. A mean value of the cluster radius is estimated as 6.24 Å.
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