Sozial- und Präventivmedizin

, Volume 45, Issue 1, pp 35–45

Patterns of health-related behaviour and their cross-cultural validity — A comparative study on two populations of young people

  • Sakari Karvonen
  • Thomas Abel
  • Roland Calmonte
  • Arja Rimpelä
Article

Summary

The study aimed at exploring health-related behaviour patterns among young people. The approach was cross-cultural and the study was focused on identifying culturally valid behaviour patterns in two countries, Finland (F) and Switzerland (CH). Data came from two surveys and included 16- and 18-year-old respondents (F: study year 1993, n=280, CH: study year 1992/3, n=272). Three intake behaviours-eating, drinking and smoking-were analysed by means of cluster and logistic regression analyses. Three cross-culturally valid behaviour clusters emerged: a healthy, an unhealthy and a mixed pattern where unhealthy eating behaviours were combined with non-smoking and low alcohol use. The determinants of the patterns were tested by comparing the two countries in relation to the socio-demographic characteristics of the young people that belonged in the same cluster. In both countries the structure of the determinants was almost identically indicating high cross-cultural stability. The study suggests that among young people of this age there is clear and cross-culturally consistent patterning of health-related behaviours.

Muster gesundheitsrelevanter Verhaltensweisen und ihre kulturübergreifende Validität: eine Vergleichsstudie mit zwei Populationen Jugendlicher

Zusammenfassung

In einer kulturvergleichenden Studie wurden gesundheitsrelevante Verhaltensmuster von Jugendlichen in zwei Ländern, Finnland (F) und der Schweiz (CH), untersucht. Die Daten stammen aus zwei Surveys bei 16- bis 18-jährigen Jugendlichen (F: Erhebungsjahr 1993, n=280, CH: 1992/93, n=272). Drei Konsumverhalten-Essen, Trinken und Rauchen-wurden mittels Clusteranalysen und logistischer Regression analysiert. Die Ergebnisse zeigen drei kulturübergreifende Muster: ein gesundes, ein ungesundes und ein gemischtes Verhaltensmuster, bei dem ungesundes Essverhalten mit Nichtrauchen und geringem Alkoholkonsum einhergingen. Weitere Analysen zeigten die Abhängigkeit der Zugehörigkeit zu den Verhaltensmustern von soziodemographischen Merkmalen der Befragten. In beiden Ländern waren die determinanten weitgehend identisch, was eine hohe kulturübergreifende Stabilität anzeigt. Die Studie liefert Hinweise auf distinkte und überkulturell konsistente gesundheitsrelevante Verhaltensmuster bei Jugendlichen.

Modèles de comportement influant sur la santé et leur validité supraculturelle: une étude comparative portant sur deux populations de jeunes

Résumé

Une étude a été consacrée aux modèles de comportement influant sur la santé parmi les jeunes de deux pays, la Finlande (F) et la Suisse (CH). Les données utilisées ont été tirées de deux enquêtes réalisées auprès de jeunes de 16 à 18 ans (F: en 1993, n=280; CH: 1992/93, n=272). Trois comportements de consommation-manger, boire, fumer-ont été étudies à l'aide d'analyses par grappes et d'analyses de régression logistique. Trois modèles supraculturels sur le plan du comportement ont été définis: un modèle sain, un modèle nuisible à la santé et un modèle mixte (mauvaise alimentation, non-consommation de tabac et consommation modérée d'alcool). D'autres analyses ont montré qu'il y avait un lien entre l'appartenance à un modèle et les caractéristiques socio-démographiques des jeunes interrogés. Dans les deux pays, les facteurs déterminants les modèles étaient presque identiques, ce qui témoigne d'une grande stabilité supraculturelle. L'étude suggère que parmi les jeunes de cet âge, on trouve des comportements supraculturels cohérents distincts qui ont une influence sur la santé.

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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sakari Karvonen
    • 1
  • Thomas Abel
    • 2
  • Roland Calmonte
    • 3
  • Arja Rimpelä
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Public HealthUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  2. 2.Institute for Social and Preventive MedicineUniversity of BernBernSwitzerland
  3. 3.Health SectionSwiss Federal Statistical OfficeNeuchâtel
  4. 4.Tampere School of Public HealthUniversity of TampereTampereFinland

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