Educational Psychology Review

, Volume 4, Issue 4, pp 393–421 | Cite as

Strategic transfer: A tool for academic problem solving

  • Gary D. Phye


Within the context of classroom learning, strategic transfer can be viewed as a tool for academic problem solving. Strategic transfer is defined as the spontaneous access and retrieval (remembering) of previously learned formal procedures for the successful solution of a problem. The transfer-appropriate processing encoding model (Morris, Bransford, and Franks, 1977), and the transfer-appropriate procedures retrieval model (Roediger, Weldon, and Challis, 1989) are reviewed. An integration of the two models is proposed through the development of a training-for-transfer paradigm (Phye, 1990). By integrating encoding and retrieval processing in a single transfer paradigm the issue of accessing prior knowledge (Bransford, 1990) that is also referred to as the inert knowledge problem (Whitehead, 1929) can directly be addressed.

Key words

problem solving strategic transfer accessing prior knowledge 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gary D. Phye
    • 1
  1. 1.Psychology DepartmentIowa State UniversityAmes

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