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Zeitschrift für Physik B Condensed Matter

, Volume 98, Issue 2, pp 151–161 | Cite as

Longitudinal electric response and loss-function of metallic microspheres and voids

  • R. v. Baltz
  • M. Mensch
  • H. Zohm
Article

Abstract

The response of a spherical metallic particle and a void in a metal on an arbitrary external electrical (gradient) field is given analytically within two models: a macroscopic dielectric description in terms of dielectric functions and a linearized hydrodynamic theory which takes into account boundary effects as well as spatial dispersion. From the response functions, the eigenfrequencies of the collective modes and the electron-energy-loss function are obtained. For small radii we found collective modes extending beyond the classical ℓ = ∞ limit of surface-plasmons up to the volume-plasmon. Concerning electron-energy-losses, our results demonstrate that the “blue-shift” on the collective modes which were observed in potassium clusters or calculated for voids in metals are almost of classical origin and stem from spatial dispersion.

PACS

71.45Gm 73.20Mf 79.20Kz 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. v. Baltz
    • 1
  • M. Mensch
    • 1
  • H. Zohm
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Theorie der Kondensierten MaterieUniversität KarlsruheKarlsruheGermany

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