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Phase diagram of LaTiO x : from 2D layered ferroelectric insulator to 3D weak ferromagnetic semiconductor

Abstract

LaTiO x compounds are structurally related to perovskites and there are two known phases. The first,x=3.50, is a 2D layered-type ferroelectric. The second,x=3.00, is a weak ferromagnet with a 3D orthorhombic distorted perovskite structure. 20 samples with varying oxygen stoichiometry between these end members were prepared by floating zone melting, and then characterized by means of X-ray powder diffraction, electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, resistivity and magnetic measurement. A phase diagram is established which displays the following physical and structural properties. A structural phase boundary atx=3.20 separates a new series of 2D layered structures from the 3D orthorhombic one. The former series represents the first conducting titanium oxides with a 2D layered structure to be reported. Atx=3.10 a phase boundary exists between a metallic and a weak ferromagnetic state where the magnetic transition temperatureT c can be sensitively tuned by the oxygen stoichiometryx. Samples withT c between 100 K and 130 K exhibit a metal-semiconductor transition whereas samples with higherT c , up to 149 K, are semiconductors between room temperature and 4.2 K.

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Lichtenberg, F., Widmer, D., Bednorz, J.G. et al. Phase diagram of LaTiO x : from 2D layered ferroelectric insulator to 3D weak ferromagnetic semiconductor. Z. Physik B - Condensed Matter 82, 211–216 (1991) doi:10.1007/BF01324328

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Keywords

  • Phase Diagram
  • Perovskite
  • Phase Boundary
  • Perovskite Structure
  • Zone Melting