Journal of behavioral assessment

, Volume 5, Issue 2, pp 119–129 | Cite as

Construction of new scales for the Multiple Affect Adjective Check List

  • Marvin Zuckerman
  • Benard Lubin
  • Christine M. Rinck


Factor analyses were used to develop new scales for the Multiple Affect Adjective Check List (MAACL) measuring anxiety, depression, hostility, positive, and sensation-seeking affects. Anxiety, depression, and hostility scales were moderately intercorrelated and a combined score called “dysphoria” was formed from their addition. Positive and sensation-seeking affects were also correlated and combined in a summary score (PASS). The dysphoric and PASS scores were not highly correlated. The number of items checked correlated highly with the positive affect scale, moderately with sensation seeking, and relatively low with the negative affect scales. Internal reliabilities were high and retest reliabilities were low, in conformance with the model for state scales. The anxiety score increased and the positive affect score and number of items checked decreased just prior to a classroom examination. Further plans for scale development are discussed.

Key words

Multiple Affect Adjective Check List (MAACL) anxiety depression hostility sensation seeking 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marvin Zuckerman
    • 1
  • Benard Lubin
    • 2
  • Christine M. Rinck
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of DelawareNewark
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Missouri at Kansas CityKansas City

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