Archives of Virology

, Volume 136, Issue 3–4, pp 309–323 | Cite as

Pestiviruses isolated from pigs, cattle and sheep can be allocated into at least three genogroups using polymerase chain reaction and restriction endonuclease analysis

  • Š. Vilček
  • A. J. Herring
  • J. A. Herring
  • P. F. Nettleton
  • J. P. Lowings
  • D. J. Paton
Original Papers

Summary

A polymerase chain reaction-based assay capable of detecting a broad range of pestiviruses from pigs, cattle, or sheep was developed. Of six sets of primers selected from different parts of the pestivirus genome, the best results were provided by a pair from the highly conserved 5′ non-coding region which gave amplification with all 129 isolates tested. This panel consisted of 33 isolates from pigs, 79 from cattle, and 17 from sheep. Differentiation between the viruses was achieved by cutting the PCR-amplified products with the restriction endonucleases AvaI and Bg1I. Using this procedure it was possible to distinguish at least 3 genogroups; group 1 (HCV) contained 32 of the pig isolates, group II (BVDV) contained all the cattle isolates tested plus 6 sheep isolates and group III (BDV) contained 11 sheep isolates and 1 pig isolate.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Š. Vilček
    • 1
  • A. J. Herring
    • 1
  • J. A. Herring
    • 1
  • P. F. Nettleton
    • 1
  • J. P. Lowings
    • 2
  • D. J. Paton
    • 2
  1. 1.Moredun Research InstituteEdinburgh
  2. 2.Central Veterinary LaboratoryNew Haw, AddlestoneUK
  3. 3.Department of Infectious and Tropical DiseasesUniversity of Veterinary MedicineKomenského, KošiceSlovakia

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