Feedback in written instruction: The place of response certitude
- Cite this article as:
- Kulhavy, R.W. & Stock, W.A. Educ Psychol Rev (1989) 1: 279. doi:10.1007/BF01320096
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This paper reviews written feedback from an information-processing perspective. The first section discusses the question of feedback as a reinforcer, and describes the feedback paradigm used as a conceptual guide for the following sections. In the second section we evaluate research on the form and content of feedback. In the last section, a model is developed that applies concepts from servocontrol theory to the feedback sequence. Finally, we report three experiments which support the major predictions of the control model.