Natural and experimental infections of Japanese tree sparrows with Japanese encephalitis virus
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20 to 37 per cent of wild Japanese tree sparrows had neutralizing antibodies to Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV). Sparrows free of antibodies were inoculated with 10,000 plaque-forming units of JEV. None of the birds became clinically ill. Virus could be detected in blood plasma during the first 3 days after inoculation but not thereafter. Neutralizing antibodies started to appear at 4 days after inoculation and the response was of variable duration, in some cases extending up to 200 days after inoculation.
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