Marine Biology

, Volume 104, Issue 3, pp 363–367 | Cite as

Metabolism and swimming efficiency of the bonnethead sharkSphyrna tiburo

  • G. R. Parsons
Article

Abstract

Routine metabolic rates of bonnethead sharks,Sphyrna tiburo, of 95 to 4 650 g, ranged from 70.4 to 15.0 kcal kg−1 d−1. Over the size range 34 to 95 cm total length, shark swimming-velocities varied from about 29 to 67 cm s−1. Swimming velocities predicted using Weih's cost-optimization model were similar to observed velocities. The total cost of transport (the energetic cost of transporting 1 unit of body mass 1 km distance) for 1 to 8 kg sharks varied from 0.67 to 0.40 cal g−1 km−1. The “energetic range” (an estimation of the distance traveled after a 25% reduction in body weight) indicates that a 1 kg bonnethead shark would travel 500 km distance in 17 d before displaying a 25% reduction in weight. An 8 kg individual would travel 830 km in 23 d. Although the bonnethead shark is a continuously active species, its routine metabolic rate and the efficiency of its locomotory system may be similar to that of “typical” bony fishes.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. R. Parsons
    • 1
  1. 1.Freshwater Biology Program, Department of BiologyUniversity of MississippiUniversityUSA

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