Marine Biology

, Volume 104, Issue 2, pp 291–295 | Cite as

Induction of swarming ofNereis succinea

  • J. D. Hardege
  • H. D. Bartels-Hardege
  • E. Zeeck
  • F. T. Grimm


Nereis succinea (Frey and Leuckart, 1847), collected in 1987 from the Weser estuary, FRG, was exposed to different temperatures in the laboratory. Metamorphosis to heteronereid stages, as well as swarming at a minimum temperature of 12°C, was induced by raising temperatures around the time of the new moon. Lunar periodicity was illustrated under natural temperature-programs, and at 16°C. An abrupt increase in temperature caused swarming to occur at different times of the lunar cycle.


Minimum Temperature Abrupt Increase Lunar Cycle Lunar Periodicity Weser Estuary 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. D. Hardege
    • 1
  • H. D. Bartels-Hardege
    • 1
  • E. Zeeck
    • 1
  • F. T. Grimm
    • 1
  1. 1.Fachbereich 9University of OldenburgOldenburgFRG

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