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Sozial- und Präventivmedizin

, Volume 46, Issue 2, pp 106–114 | Cite as

Associations of income with self-reported ill-health and health resources in a rural community sample of Austria

  • Wolfgang FreidlEmail author
  • Willibald-Julius Stronegger
  • Éva Rásky
  • Christine Neuhold
Original Articles

Summary

Objectives

Three levels of health indicators (1) self-reported ill-health, (2) internal health resources, and (3) external health resources were analysed in relation to a four-category house-hold income distribution in order to describe possible social gradients. The particular aim of this study was to obtain information on the association of income data with self-reported ill-health.

Methods

This cross-sectional study was based on a health survey. The sample represents around 10% of the rural population of some communities in Styria, randomly selected from the population registry. Interview data was collected from 3781 participants aged 15 years and older, 1559 males and 2222 females.

Results

The results show that individuals from lower house-hold income classes are disadvantaged with regard to indicators of ill-health, internal and external health resources. Overall, the link between low income and poor health is highly consistent within our data.

Conclusions

Considering our results we conclude that internal and external health resources are as unequally distributed over income levels as health outcome indicators.

Key-Words

Ill-health Health resources Income 

Zusammenfassung

Fragestellung

In der vorliegenden Studie wurden die Zusammenhänge zwischen Indikatoren subjektiver Gesundheit und externen und internen Gesundheitsressourcen (Anforderungs-Ressourcenmodell) mit dem Haushaltseinkommen untersucht.

Methoden

Die Daten basieren auf einer ca. 10-prozentigen Zufallsstichprobe von Personen im Alter von 15 Jahren aufwärts. Im Rahmen dieser Querschnittserhebung wurden 3781 Personen, 1559 Männer und 2222 Frauen, in ländlichen Gemeinden der Steiermark (Österreich) mittels eines strukturierten Interviews befragt.

Resultate

Die Ergebnisse verdeutlichen einen sehr konsistenten Zusammenhang zwischen niedrigerem Einkommen und einer schlechteren subjektiven Gesundheit.

Schlussfolgerungen

Überdies muss bemerkenswerterweise festgehalten werden, dass ein solcher Zusammenhang in vergleichbarer Stärke auch für interne und externe Gesundheits-ressourcen existiert.

Résumé

Objectives

L'étude présente se propose d'analyser les rapports des indicateurs de santé subjective et des ressources de santé externes et internes (modèle de ressources) avec le revenu des ménages.

Méthodes

Les données se basent sur un échantillon aléatoire de 10% réalisé sur des personnes âgées de 15 ans et plus. Au cours de ce sondage, 3781 personnes, dont 1559 hommes et 2222 femmes, habitants des communes rurales styriennes (Autriche), ont été questionnées durant des entrevues à structure préalablement définie.

Résultats

Les résultats révèlent une corrélation très nette entre les revenus modérés et la réduction de la santé subjective.

Conclusions

Une telle corrélation existe épaliments entre les revenus et les ressources de santé internes et externes.

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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wolfgang Freidl
    • 1
    Email author
  • Willibald-Julius Stronegger
    • 1
  • Éva Rásky
    • 1
  • Christine Neuhold
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Social Medicine and EpidemiologyUniversity of GrazGraz
  2. 2.Steirische Gesellschaft für GesundheitsschutzGraz

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