Zeitschrift für Physik A Hadrons and Nuclei

, Volume 342, Issue 4, pp 411–427 | Cite as

Competition between binary reactions and fusion in heavy-ion collisions at the Coulomb barrier

  • W. Reisdorf
  • J. V. Kratz
  • R. Bellwied
  • W. Brüchle
  • H. Keller
  • K. Lützenkirchen
  • M. SchÄdel
  • K. Sümmerer
  • G. Wirth
Heavy Ion Physics


Mass and charge distributions for binary reaction channels have been measured for the reactions86Kr with76Ge,104Ru and130Te at the Coulomb barrier using chemical separations andγ-ray spectroscopy. These systems span the region where dynamical hindrance to complete fusion sets in. The binary reactions can be subdivided into two components associated withi) reflection from the outer potential barrier (quasielastic), andii) reseparation after passing the barrier (complex reactions). The sum of complex-reaction channels and evaporation residues from complete fusion can be reproduced by a barrier passing calculation. The fraction of the barrier passing flux leading to reseparation increases from 26±10% for the lightest system to more than 90% for the heaviest system. The data indicate that fusion hindrance is primarily caused by reseparation shortly after passage of the barrier before Swiatecki's conditional saddlepoint is overcome, resulting in partitions close to the entrance channel configuration. In addition, for the heaviest system, a quasifission component representing somewhat less than 20% of the barrier-passing flux was observed. From the missing masses of fragment pairs we can deduce that the reseparating complex-reaction products have kinetic energies well below the fusion barrier and share the excitation energy in a way similar to the sawtooth-like curve known from low-energy fission. The quasielastic, predominantly one- and two-nucleon transfer channels, have strongly varying cross sections for the three systems despite similar effectiveQ-values. A systematics of one-neutron transfer cross sections at the Coulomb barrier is established and shown to differ considerably from the smooth behaviour observed at energies 20–30% above the barrier. The connection to nuclear polarization phenomena and orbit matching is pointed out.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Reisdorf
    • 1
  • J. V. Kratz
    • 2
  • R. Bellwied
    • 2
  • W. Brüchle
    • 1
  • H. Keller
    • 2
  • K. Lützenkirchen
    • 2
  • M. SchÄdel
    • 1
  • K. Sümmerer
    • 1
  • G. Wirth
    • 1
  1. 1.Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung mbHDarmstadtFederal Republic of Germany
  2. 2.Institut für KernchemieUniversitÄt MainzMainzFederal Republic of Germany

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