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Protoplasma

, Volume 137, Issue 2–3, pp 145–155 | Cite as

An ultrastructural study of the viscin tissue ofPhthirusa pyrifolia (H.B.K.) Eichler (Loranthaceae)

  • Esther Gedalovich
  • J. Kuijt
Article

Summary

The viscin tissue ofPhthirusa pyrifolia consists at maturity of two different cell types. The first of these (viscin cells) are greatly elongated and have massive secondary walls, the microfibrils of which are arranged strictly transversely, and are soaked with mucilaginous noncellulosic polysaccharides. The second type of cells (vesicular cells) is much broader, with a very extensive vacuolar system and thin primary cell walls only. Viscin cells are capable of being stretched very greatly, the microfibrils of the secondary wall then becoming oriented more or less longitudinally. In nature, this corresponds to the time of attachement to the host surface, and is followed by drying and, possibly, shortening of the viscin cells. Developmental study of the tissue suggests that Golgi bodies are the major organelles participating in polysaccharide production. The actual mucilage seems to originate from three sources: an unorganized substance which accumulates between the plasmalemma and compound middle lamella; spherical vacuoles which seem to be embedded in the central vacuole, some of which are seen open to the outside of the cell; and from the dissolution at maturity of the compound middle lamella. It is suggested that the two types of cells may correspond to the two major functions of viscin, viz., host attachment (viscin cells) and nutrition of the disseminator (vesicular cells).

Keywords

Mistletoe fruit Phthirusa pyrifolia Ultrastructure Development Viscin 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Esther Gedalovich
    • 1
  • J. Kuijt
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biological SciencesThe University of LethbridgeLethbridgeCanada

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