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Protoplasma

, Volume 138, Issue 2–3, pp 156–160 | Cite as

Rates of cell division in the young prefloral shoot apex ofChrysanthemum segetum L.

  • A. Nougarède
  • J. Rembur
  • R. Saint-Côme
Article

Summary

The rate of cell division was determined by the colchicine induced metaphase-accumulation technique in the young prefloral shoot apex of the quantitative long-day plantChrysanthemum segetum L. growing under conditions favourable to flowering (16-hour photoperiod; 124μEm−2s−1; 22 °C). Cell cycle duration was evaluated in relation to the location of the cells in the intact apex. The cell cycle durations were 53.5 hours, 47.4 hours, and 97.7 hours in the axial, lateral and subapical central cells respectively. Compared with previous results, these data give evidence of the major role played by the early increase in cell division rate of axial cells in the new pattern of the prefloral shoot apex at its initial stage of development. By comparison with the vegetative shoot apex, the cell cycle duration was preferentially shortened in the axial zone; it was only slightly altered in the lateral zone while it was lengthened in the vacuolating subapical central cells. In the three zones within the prefloral shoot apex, the duration of mitosis was constant (3.2 to 3.3 hours) and the same as in the vegetative shoot apex.

Keywords

Cell cycle duration Chrysanthemum segetum Prefloral phase 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Nougarède
    • 1
  • J. Rembur
    • 1
  • R. Saint-Côme
    • 1
  1. 1.Université Pierre et Marie CurieParis cedex 05France

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