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Protoplasma

, Volume 204, Issue 3–4, pp 128–138 | Cite as

Cytochemical localization of cellulase activity in pollen mother cells of david lily during meiotic prophase I and its relation to secondary formation of plasmodesmata

  • X. -Y. Wang
  • G. -Q. Guo
  • X. -W. Nie
  • G. -C. ZhengEmail author
Article

Summary

Cellulase activity was localized at the ultrastructural level in pollen mother cells (PMCs) of David lily [Lilium davidii var.willmottiae (Wilson) Roffill] at different stages of meiotic prophase I. The enzyme was observed to appear at the early leptotene stage and reached its highest level at the subsequent zygotene stage, and its subcellular distribution revealed by the presence of electron-dense deposits of reaction product was found to be restricted exclusively to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), the vesicles derived from that, and the cell wall, especially at the sites of secondary plasmodesmata and cytoplasmic channels where the wall was being digested. Other cytoplasmic organelles, such as dictyosomes and Golgi vesicles, lacked such deposits of reaction product. After zygotene the enzyme activity decreased abruptly, and at the pachytene stage only very few deposits could be observed in the cell wall. Our results indicate that cellulase is synthesized on rough ER and secreted directly via the smooth ER and ER-derived vesicles into the cell wall by exocytosis, where it brings about local wall breakdown, leading to the secondary formation of plasmodesmata and cytoplasmic channels.

Keywords

Cellulase Cytochemical localization Cytoplasmic channel Lilium davidii var.willmottiae (Wilson) Roffill Pollen mother cell Secondary plasmodesma 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • X. -Y. Wang
    • 1
  • G. -Q. Guo
    • 1
  • X. -W. Nie
    • 1
  • G. -C. Zheng
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Cell Biology LaboratoryLanzhou UniversityLanzhouPeople's Republic of China

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